The Pilot/Navigator All air navigation Involves basic principles that apply to all airplanes, from the simplest trainer to the most sophisticated passenger Jets. These basic principles are discussed In this manual. Since The Air Pilot’s Manual is a training programmer for the Private Pilot’s License (PL), we will concentrate on accurate navigation of a light aircraft, flown by a single pilot, in visual conditions.
PL holders, when flying cross-country, act as pilot, navigator and radio operator. They must: – Primarily fly the airplane safely ad accurately Navigate correctly Operate the radio and attend to other duties In the cockpit In short, they must ‘aviate, navigate and communicate’. To conduct a cross-county flight efficiently, navigation tasks must be coordinated with (and not Interfere with) the smooth flying of the airplane.
It Is most important that the pilot/navigator clearly understands the basic principles underlying navigation so that correct techniques and practices can be applied quickly and accurately without causing distraction or apprehension. Prepare Soundly Being properly prepared prior to a cross-country flight is essential if it is to be successful, always flight plan meticulously. This establishes an accurate base against which you can measure your in-flight navigation performance.
The Earth All navigation Is done with reference to the surface of the earth – starting from the elementary exercise of ‘navigating’ the airplane around the circuit during your initial training (which requires visual reference to ground features such as the anyway and points ahead of the airplane for tracking) and progressing to the large passenger Jets using sophisticated instrument navigation techniques to cover vast distances around the earth.
Direction is the angular position of one point to another without reference to the distance between them. It Is expressed as the angular deference from a specified reference direction. In alarm navigation this reference direction is either: – North (for true or magnetic bearings); or The Heading (or the nose) of the aircraft (for relative bearings) vided into 360 units, called degrees. These units are numbered clockwise from 000 in the reference direction all the way around the circle to 360.