Significance of Nuclear Families in Modern Society
In most societies, there are rules limiting or even forbidding sexual activity outside marriage. Reproductive function is when the couple in a family decides to have children. The economic function, according to Morocco is the division of labor within the family. For example, the husbands in hunting societies kill game animals while the wives make clothing from the animals’ skins. The family Is also the primary colonization agent In young children. Without the family, the children are ignorant of basic social norms such as eating with cutlery. Self-hygiene and dressing themselves, thus become feral children.
Functionalist Tailcoat Parsons supported the functional relationship between nuclear families and the contemporary society. He argued that the isolated nuclear family Is the most typical In the modern Industrial society. The first characteristic of the nuclear family Is that It Is geographically mobile, A modern Industrial society with a specialized labor of division demands considerable geographical mobility from its labor force. Individuals with specialized skills are required more often than not to travel to different parts of the world whose skills are sought after.
The nuclear family s by far the most suited form of family as it is not tied down by binding obligations to a wide range of kiln, that Is, the extended family. From a Marxist perspective, a modern Industrial society Is a capitalist society. Far from promoting geographical mobility, the nuclear family Is only there to ensure generation after generation remains ensnared in capitalism. Eli Secretary sees the nuclear family as a major prop to the capitalist economy. The function of the nuclear family is not to raise up the children, but to reproduce future generations of workers that maintain capitalism.
Secretary also believed that the nuclear family has evolved from being a unit of production to become a vital unit of consumption. In a modern capitalist society which Is highly consumerist, the husband has no choice but to work harder in order to ‘keep up with the Joneses’. The nuclear family is thus an integral part of what Karl Marx calls commodity fetishism; it helps to fuel the creation of false needs. Smart phones, laptops and branded clothing are increasingly demanded by the young people in modern industrial societies nowadays. And young people, of course, come from nuclear families.
Young and Wolcott meanwhile believed that the nuclear family has gone through wife and the kids work as a team, typically in agriculture. The Stage 2 family began with industrial revolution, where the family ceased to be a unit of production as workers are employed to work in factories. The extension of the nuclear family was largely conducted by women who seek the help of their female relatives and often left the husbands out from the warmth of the female circle. Then, Stage 2 gradually disappeared, leaving Stage 3 nuclear family in its place.
The Stage 3 nuclear family souses upon the conjugal bond shared by both the husband and wife. At home, the couple shared their work and their time. For example, while the wives still have the main responsibility for household chores, the husbands help. The couple also share decisions, and neither has the higher authority in the nuclear family. Young and Wolcott called this the symmetrical family and this form of family dominates in the contemporary society. However, feminists do not share the view that the nuclear family is the most suited for today’s society.
German Greer, a radical feminist argues that the nuclear family life oppresses women. She argues that there is a strong ideology suggesting that being a wife is the most important female role. Greer claims that motherhood is not valued by the society. Mothers are expected to leave their mothers’ home when quite young and to owe little or nothing. Many of the elderly who die of hypothermia are mothers, yet their children accept no responsibility in taking care of them. Mothers also are the first to be blamed when something goes wrong in their children’s lives.
Being a daughter in a nuclear family is also unrewarding as Greer suggests that recent evidence shows that daughters are quite likely to experience sexual abuse from fathers, stepfathers and other male relatives. This shows that the nuclear family may not be the best option in a modern society. Functionalists also fail to take into consideration of the diversity of families in today’s era of modernity. Modern family life now is essentially governed by choice. Lesbians and gays introduced the idea of chosen families. According to Calhoun, gays and lesbians are seen as family outlaws which threaten the happy family picture.
However, Calhoun sees that it is not family life that exploits women, but rather family fife within a patriarchal, heterosexual marriage. Lesbian partners may be able to develop forms of marriage and family life which is more egalitarian, thus it suits to the modern industrial society rather than the conventional nuclear family life. There are also many other types of families apart from nuclear family which are gaining popularity among society today. One of it is cohabitation. Cohabitation is an arrangement where two people who are not married live together and are in an sexually intimate relationship.
According to Allan and Crow, most people feel they do to have to get married before having sex and that being a parent outside of marriage is increasingly accepted as a legitimate option. Allan and Crow also discovered that divorce rates have risen, and lone-parent household have increased in number. This shatters the image that the nuclear family is the most ideal type of family. While the nuclear family may be the most ideal for the modern industrial society according to functionalists and Marxist, feminists and the diversification of families beg to differ. In short, individuals and families are able to exercise their personal