Nissim Ezekiel’s Poetry
Animism Ezekiel is an Indian poet who writes in English. Discuss. Monism Ezekiel was an Indian Jewish poet, playwright, editor and art critic. He was a foundational figure in postcolonial Indian’s literary history, specifically for Indian writing in English. Although born in a Jewish family, he was an Indian poet writing in English. He had committed himself to India, Its cultures, values and ethics), and ‘Mindedness’ had been in his veins. This ‘Mindedness’ was unique In Ezekiel.
N K Gosh asks, what prevents Ezekiel “from revealing In the non personal notions of a poem rotor India, Its glorious past,lets mysticism,cultural or historical nostalgia”. He answers that Ezekiel ‘primary concern Is not the India which appeals to the West, but the India to which he can and he does, truly belong” HIS contribution to Indian poetry Is Important both for Its quality and variety. HIS early poetry has close affinities with the work of T. S. Eliot, W. H. Aden, Ezra Pound and Rainier Maria Rile.
Ezekiel poetry renders the contemporary themes of alienation, spiritual emptiness, isolation, and fragmentation with humor, impassion and irony. Personal, unsentimental feelings expressed show ironies with the complexities of emotions and consciousness, Ezekiel mainly aimed at the preciseness of image and appropriateness of languages, feeling and accurate poetic form. He wrote in a philosophical, introspective mode, and his unpretentious yet restrained conversational style.
He was the path breaker in the use of modern speech inflections within the framework of formal verse patterning. Despite of using English, the colonial language, to craft his works, the poet adeptly maintained his rottenness in the Indian ethos, which was evident in his series of eight poems, Very Indian poems in Indian English’. “L am standing for peace and non violence” This refers to the Father of our Nation, Gangland. “Tribute to the Pinheads” and the third of the “Passion Poems” are examples of Ezekiel turning to ancient Indian literature for Inspiration. Poverty Poem” saturates the concern of a white foreigner for Indian beggars which Is almost fully confined to the verbal level and the friendliness of Indian beggars which Is reserved for white foreigners. A striking feature of Ezekiel mature style Is the use of Hindi words In his poems. The ultimate origin of these words can be traced to either Sanskrit or Persian and they “create an Illusion to the real elite as lived In our country. ‘ Know your mantra, meditate, Release your kindling, And float with the spirit To your destination.
The poem ‘Night of the Scorpion’ is set in a rural, superstitious Indian scenario, bringing up issues like the deeply rooted sense of rituals and traditions in the Indian psyche, the selfless love of Indian mothers for their children. It is therefore a very Indian poem, carrying images of selflessness and possession, greatly typical to Indian culture. Although the superstitious mindset of the Indian peasants is critiqued, Ezekiel presents Indian women in a positive light. My mother only said: thank God the scorpion picked on me and spared my children. ” His poems, although in English are almost never bereft of streaks on Mindedness which give them a characteristic simplicity. He weaves the most basic of human emotions, with situations, state of affairs etc, transmuting them into poetry. His poems are mostly in free verse and in a conversational tone which seems effortless. His approach is simple without being simplistic. ‘Goodbye party for Miss Pushup T. S. From Very Indian poems in Indian English’ sees a hybrid form of the language colloquially referred to as ‘Babe Angrier’ used in Indian middle class. Critic Dry K Blanchard points out, “Ezekiel poem: ‘Background Casually is autobiographical and it records strongly his search for belonging. “I went to a roman, catholic school, A mugging Jew among the wolves. They told me I had killed the Christ, That year I won the scripture prize. ” Though not a Christian he has been bold in pinpointing the mistakes of the Indian schoolboys in their use of language. L grew in terror of the strong But undernourished Hindu lads, Their prepositions always wrong. ” prejudices and suchlike which were ingrained in Indian soil. He drew his inspirations from the Indian environment he lived in. His poems showed a microcosm of India against the backdrop of social and political upheaval it was witnessing. He portrayed India in the most unadulterated form which earned him a high place in the modern Indo-Anglia poets.
Mar Nathan Parkas says in his book, “Studies in Indian poetry’,: “Ezekiel has become a part of the Indian landscape which sears his eyes. It may be remote and backward and yet he has preferred it. ‘In some remote and backward place My backward place in where I am. ‘ He has had chances to settle outside India ;yet his soul preferred India and his love for India can be seen in many of his poems. The Indian sensibility which runs through his poetic veins is really amazing. “