Useful Phrases For Analysing Texts
The first / / last part / paragraph / sentence constitutes / gives us / comprises the Introduction / central problem / principal part / solution. In the first / / last part the author varies the theme / changes the topic / goes Into detail / passes from to When characteristic: The author describes the characteristics / outer appearance / intellectual qualities author gives a realistic / detailed description of / only gives a rough description of The character is described / presented / characterizes as The basic traits of As character are
One of As striking characteristics is When analyzing rhetorical / stylistic devices: The author makes use of / employs This is done in order to stress / put emphasis on / emphasis / draw attention to / highlight The author wants to involve the readers/listeners by [+ gerund] / convince them of He/she wants to appeal to (e. G. The readers’ conscience) He/ She wants to imply / implies that He/she wants to arouse interest / simplify / illustrate He/she refers to an example Hess makes use of / employs / uses formal / informal / colloquial words / expression / language.
This word / phrase / expression refers to / underlines / emphasizes / means / stands for When referring to the text: As it is written in 1. /11. : As one can read in 1. 111. This is indicated by 1. 111. Where it is said that This can be proven with 1. 111. L. /al. (… ) suggest(s) that as it is said that Don’t forget to sum up your main results. Use the present tense in your analysis only; use your own words; always PROVE what you’re claiming by REFERRING to the respective lines.
Don’t Just list rhetorical or titlists devices, but always explain their function and their effect on the reader/ listener. Try not to repeat what you’ve already written in task 1 . ANALYSES doesn’t mean SUMMARIES, I. E. Read between the lines. Task 3: Task 3 can either be an EVALUATION (I. E. Pro- and counter-arguments + own opinion) or a RE-CREATION OF TEXT (e. G. A diary entry). You usually DON’T quote task 3, but for a re-creation of text task it might be necessary to refer to the text again (e. G. In case you’re asked to refute an argument etc. )