The Ju/’Hoansi- Lee vs. Marshall
Both Lee and Marshall spent a great amount of time with the Jurassic, learning their unique culture and way of life. In Marshal’s ethnographic film, “The Hunters”, and chapter four of Lee’s ethnography, The Dobb Jurassic, each anthropologist discusses, in two deferent forms, the Jurywoman’s subsistence techniques. Lee and Marshall agree in some areas, but not all. Lee and Marshall agree on a few different things, such as the types of relationships the Jurassic have between themselves and the natural world around them.
You would think that the relationships the Journals have with one another would not be such an important aspect when looking Just at their subsistence techniques, but it Is. Both Lee and Marshall found that the Journals have very close relationships with almost every, If not all, of the people they live with In a camp. They are able to communicate well and work effectively with each other. Without these relationships there would be no way that they would be able to survive In the deserts that they live In. Lee and Marshall also agree on the relationship the Journals have tit the natural world around them.
Lee and Marshall both understood that the Jurassic have a very close relationship with the world around them. The Jurassic know many different kinds of plants and species of animals around them, and they know what types of plants are good or bad to eat. The Jurassic can track an animal by its footprints and feces. This is shown in detail in Marshal’s film when the hunters are able to follow the giraffe by the footprints and feces. They were even able to see when the giraffe was getting weaker by the amount of impact she put into ACH step.
The third thing I found that Marshall and Lee both agree on is the system of reciprocity that the Jurassic practice. The Jailhouse’s find it important to make sure that everyone has an equal share of food. The importance of reciprocity to the LU/’Hyannis is shown in the way that they will spend an ample amount of time in distribution of things such as meat to make sure that everything is indeed even for everybody. Marshall shows us this when the hunters bring home the giraffe meat and distribute it. The men debate over the how the food is being distributed.
Lee also explains this in his ethnography,saying, “distribution is done with great care, according to a set of rules, arranging and rearranging the pieces for up to an hour so that each recipient will get the right proportion” (Lee, 48). Lee goes on to say that “successful distributions are remembered with pleasure for weeks afterwards, while Improper meat distributions can be the cause of bitter wrangling among close relatives” (Lee, 48). The fact that the Journals will hang onto the way meat Is distributed, good or bad, for weeks shows the extreme Importance of reciprocity In heir society.
While Lee and Marshall agreed on some things, they did still disagree on a few things. One difference Is the overall presentation of the Information. Marshal’s film has a very male-oriented perspective on the Journals world. This Is mainly because the film Is from 1958, but It still creates a blast and Limits the viewer from the full situation. One place we see this Is the way Marshall describes the boy with his first kill hanging the kill on his father’s tent’. This description alludes too patriarchal society, which the Jurassic are instead a more egalitarian society. Ere less male-oriented perspective we would see that maybe the boy was leaving it on his parent’s tent for both of them to see. It is pretty likely that both his mother and father will be proud of him for his first kill. Unlike Marshall, Lee uses a much more neutral approach in his ethnography. He shows the egalitarian society that the Jurassic live in as it is. He does not make either male or female seem more powerful because they aren’t. Another difference between Marshall and Lee is their view on the difficulty of the Justinian way of life. Marshall believes that the
Justinian live a hard, precarious life where death is always on the horizon because of the harsh area they live in. But Marshall focuses mainly on the idea that the Justinian need meat in order to survive. He shows us how hard it is to find meat, which it is. Lee understands that meat is hard to find, but tells us that “the security of Juryman life is attributable mainly to the fact that vegetable food and not meat forms are the mainstay of their diet” (Lee, 40). He is saying that the Juju are living as well as they are because they depend on vegetable plants, and not meat.
If they depended n meat as much as Marshall describes it would be a much more difficult life than it is. Each anthropologist has his own view about the foraging way of life. Marshall believes it to be a harsh life because some types of food are scarce and the people always have to move to find more food. Lee went to the Dobb Jurassic with pretty much the same view as Marshall, but almost right away he realized that this view was wrong. He saw that the Jurassic only have to do subsistence work for an average of 20 hours a week to feed themselves, and that they eat fairly healthily.
Even though eat is scarce, Lee still found that the “average Juju will consume between 175 and 200 pounds of meat” a year, which is comparable to a developed country (Lee, 56). Lee was able to see that the Jurassic are able to live a healthy, relaxed life, where men only have to work an average of 2. 7 days and women an average of 2. 1 (Lee, 54). There are advantages to both ethnographic films and written ethnographers. In an ethnographic film you have the opportunity to see the subject in action.
You can view what truly happens in the society and hear the people speak in their language to get sense of what their language sounds like. In a written ethnography you are able to read in depth about the people you are studying. You get a perspective of the people that was developed through an ample amount of study by the anthropologist, whereas in a movie you see Just what is happening at that moment. I believe that, if possible, you should read a written ethnography and watch an ethnographic film about the people you are studying so that you can get a well-rounded view of the culture, since each medium has its own pros.