It is Important to take a balanced approach to risk management because its children’s natural inclination to take risks when they play, those responsible for children have to take a balanced, thoughtful approach to managing risk. This Is particularly important for play because children today tend to have less freedom than in the past, and hence may have fewer opportunities for risk-taking as a normal part of their everyday lives, however as early years providers we must ensure that we take all reasonable steps to ensure that children in our care are not exposed to risks r that these risks are minimized. . 2 The principles of safe supervisions In the home based setting and off site are Treating children as individuals; recognizing individual needs and abilities; providing appropriate levels of supervision (see below); risk assessments and home safety CONSTANT SUPERVISION: watching a child all the time. CLOSE SUPERVISION: Watching the child most of the time but are not Involved in the activity. GENERAL SUPERVISION: When you are aware of what the child Is doing and checking on them regularly. 2. 5 Procedures for storage of medicines.
Must be in its original bottle and not decanted. Must have the manufacturers guidelines on It and if a prescription medication the details from the chemist. Must be stored and kept in accordance with Instructions. All medicines must be stored In a locked cupboard away from children. Procedures for administering medicines. Training must be attended if technical knowledge is needed and must be relevant to the Individual child. Prescription medicine may only be administered If prescribed by a doctor. Never administer aspirin to an under 16 year old unless prescribed by a actor.
Procedures for record keeping with regard to medication. Keep written records of all medicines given. Inform parents when a medicine has been given, Including time and dosage. Written permission must be given from parents for each medicine and dosage before any medicine Is given. Non prescription medicines will only be administered with parents written consent. 2. 6 see separate attachment 2. 7 Preparing formula feeds. Always wash you hands and clean work surface. Should be 70 degrees. Pour water into a sterilized bottle.
Add formula according to manufacturers instructions. Cool down bottle under running water with lid on. Throw away any unused milk after 2 hours. If away from home, take a flask of boiling water and decant pressured powder into a sealed container or use cartons of readmes formula. Sterilization of feeding equipment. Clean all feeding equipment in warm soapy water as soon as feed as possible using a bottle brush. Rinse under clean running water. If using cold water sterilization prepare according to manufacturers instructions and change the water every 24 hours.
Make sure there are no air bubbles in bottles or teats and keep everything under the solution. If using a steam steelier set the equipment up according to manufacturers instructions. Make sure that any openings are facing down and any equipment not used straight away should be re sterilized after use. Safe disposal of waste. Spillages of substances likely to result in the spread of infections will be dealt with rapidly and carefully. Blood, vomit, urine and faces will be cleaned up immediately and disposed of safely and hygienically by double bagging and taken out of the setting.
Disposable plastic gloves and an apron will be worn while using bleach or disinfectant solution, and washing thoroughly afterwards. Children will be kept well clear while such substances are being dealt with. Care of pets Children must be encouraged to treat all animals with respect, learning how to handle them correctly. Children must wash their hands after any contact with animals and understand the reasoning behind this. Children must be taught that not all animals are child friendly and that they should always check with the animal’s owner before attempting to stroke or handle them.
Food for the pet must be stored safely away from the children’s reach A high standard of hygiene must be followed, with careful thought given to the placing of the feeding and drink bowls of dogs and cats. The garden must be checked every morning, before the children are permitted outside to play, to ensure that no animal has fouled it. 2. 6 procedures to follow in the event of: If there is an accident I will firstly deal with the situation by reassuring the child and ensuring all other children are safe. Deal with the accident or call 999 if necessary.
If he child needs hospital treatment, I will either take the other children with me or call emergency backup cover. Contact the child’s parents immediately. Report accident in accident book and report any serious accident to posted within 14 days. Incident in the incident report book giving a carbon copy to the parents a copy and if necessary complete an incident body report form again giving a copy to the parents. 5. 2/3 I plan to meet the dietary needs of a child ages 0-7 by offering a balances and varied diet. Wherever possible in my family we only eat organic free range food and I would eke to offer this diet to my minded children.
I have a rule of only providing water as a drink, squash and Juice is unnecessary. A healthy diet would include: 3-5 servings of carbohydrate 2-3 servings of protein 3 servings of milk and dairy 5 portions of fruit and vegetables Fats and sugars shouldn’t be eaten too often. To ensure that children’s physical care needs are met we must provide a range of sufficient and suitable play equipment and materials. Children must be given the space to be able to safely run around indoors and outdoors. Children under 2 need 3. M/child, 2 year old need 2. Mm/child and 3-5 need 2. Mm/child.