The first case of attempted force-feeding was of a 32-year-old former medical student from Whales, known as “E”. She had a IBM of 11-12, while the normal IBM Is 18-25. She did not want to die, but she did not want to be fed. The second case was of an anorexic known as “L”. She too, did not want to die but she stated that her severe anorexia did not allow her to eat. (Cite #1) B. Force-feeding or starving to death? This is an appalling choice, but it is a choice.
Force-feeding is the practice of feeding a person against their will. For this to be legal it has to be done with patients consent, however, weight restoration by force cannot actually solve any underlying problems that are psychological In nature. Force-feeding is undignified. The European Convention on Human Rights prohibits ‘degrading’ treatment In article 3. The patients’ right to refuse treatment should be respected even If they are mentally c. II. Background/History of the Issue A. Force-feeding is technically Illegal as It alludes to the feeding of patients without consent. B.
As the patient’s competence Is subtly Impaired, the still have the legal right to choose. C. Palliative care means the prevention of suffering of patients. D. Compulsory treatment or involuntary commitment is a legal process through which an individual with symptoms of severe mental illness is court-ordered into treatment in a hospital (Inpatient) or In the community (outpatient) Ill. Proposition: Sufferers of anorexia nervous should be force-fed. IV. Main arguments for the Affirmative side (PRO) A. Life is more important than dignity. B. Force feeding can help psychologically. C.
Anorexic patients are not able to make the decision for themselves. V. Main arguments for the Negative Side (CON) A. Compulsory treatment is not a long-term solution B. Anorexics need to be able to trust their doctors C. The focus should be on appellative care VI. Main Arguments and Evidence for the Negative (CON) side 1 . Force feeding anorexics can increase depression, which in turn, causes the anorexic to become more anorexic. “Jill Holm-Adenoma and colleagues at the anorexia nervous may be linked also to an especially high suicide Jackie Han (p. 6) motivation, which may have been previously missed by clinicians and relatives.
Their study is based on previous research which finds the risk of death by suicide among anorexic women is approximately 57 times the expected rate. ” (6) 2. Studies have shown that anorexia causes thinning of the bones, chemical imbalances in the body, anemia, depression, and more. Force feeding anorexics would not treat these problems. They would strengthen them. For example, the depression. “some people with anorexia die from causes related to anorexia. Causes of death include infections, dehydration, blood chemical imbalances (such as low potassium levels) and even suicide. “(1) B. Anorexics need to be able to trust their doctors 1 .
The treatment is invasive and has a low chance of recovery for some people. “Mr.. Justice Jackson is reported by the newspaper to have conceded the woman stood only a 20% chance of recovery even if she was put on an invasive force-feeding programmer that would last at least a year. “(6) 2. Not being able to trust your doctor would decrease the chance of the patient to seek help. It would not help the patient, knowing that they cannot trust their doctor. “this was not an ideal way to start psychotherapy or to build a trusting relationship with a patient, which is certainly deed in effective anorexia treatment”(2) C.
The focus should be on palliative care 1 . Force feeding is very invasive and causes pain as well as suffering. “The tubes hurt a lot going down my throat”(7) said by a victim of anorexia while getting treatment. 2. “Seventy-seven percent of individuals with eating disorders report that the illness can last anywhere from one to 15 years or even longer in some cases. It is estimated that approximately six percent of serious cases die. For many others, there are long- term, irreversible consequences which can affect one’s physical and emotional lath. ” (4) Doctors should be focused on relieving the patients from the pain.
There are many symptoms to anorexia. Some symptoms include “Pale, dry skin, sensitivity to cold, lightheartedness or loss of balance, low blood pressure and heart rate, bruise easily, extreme dehydration, brittle bone… “(3) and more. VI’. Rebuttal A. 1 . Anorexia is a mental illness as well as an eating disorder. People who are anorexics suffer mentally as well as physically. Anorexics tend to have low self-esteem, and think they are unworthy; which is the antonym of the word “dignity. “