English Comp Rough Draft

Anthony Grimes Seafood University ENGINE 22-English Composition II Instructor Mitchell November 26, 2012 Substance abuse and consumption have become an epidemic in America. The use of drugs results in countless drug-related deaths and causes states to spend billions of dollars to combat drug trafficking. Drugs are shipped in by sea, air, automobile, and even smuggled in by person. These drugs are supplied by drug cartels. These criminal organizations where formed to promote, control, produce, and distribute narcotic drugs.

While these cartels operate from all parts of the world, some of the cost infamous are the Mexican and Columbian Cartels. America has put policies into combating drug trafficking, however these policies are not effective as drug abuse Is at a society crippling high. During the early 20th century, the drug market was not unregulated properly. Medical remedies that contained cocaine and heroin were distributed without prescription. Many consumers were unaware of these drugs and there effects. As a result policies that became known as the “War on Drug” where established.

According to the War on Drugs History and Timeline Head (2012) stated, in 1914 the ale of cocaine and heroin were restricted in the Harrison Act of 1914. Head (2012) noted, in 1938 the government attempted to tax marijuana because it was seen as a gateway drug and because of its growing popularity in Mexican-American immigrants. This was known as the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937. Head (2012) says, in 1951 the Bogs Act was established to mandate federal sentences for possession of cocaine, opiates, and marijuana.

Head (2012) noted, these federal penalties were increased In 1956 through the Narcotic Control Act of 1956. According to Fields (Bibb In 1971 President Nixon and his administration Implemented “The War on Drug” policy, which was the most relevant of all the narcotic polices. This Is a commonly used term adapted by the media, which was aimed to define and reduce the illegal drug trade by discouraging manufacturing, consumption and distribution of drugs. Head (2012) confirmed, in 1973 the Drug Enforcement Administration aka DEAD was established to help combat in the .

Head (2012) discusses how The Reagan administration and Nancy Reagan began to tour elementary schools warning children about the danger of drugs in 1982. This was known as the “Just Say No” campaign. As gang violence and the crack cocaine epidemic sweep across America. Head (2012) explained how The Reagan administration developed the Antiradar Act of 1986 which issued harsher sentences for the possession of crack cocaine versus powder cocaine. Head (2012) expresses how the 1994 Omnibus Crime Bill allowed the execution of drug kingpins, due to elevated drug related offenses In the US.

After decades and billions of dollars spent Drug Trafficking Is still a major Issue In the united States. According to BIN . Org (July 2011), it has been an era of counter productivity, with military and government forces. Claims have been made that the United States is doing its best to stop drug trafficking. As stated by Abramson (2009), the country’s harsh drug policies are not financially viable and no longer command majority support among the voting public. In the Presidential Election of 2008 Barrack Obama stated to the world “that it’s time for change. ” It time to change our old ways and come up with something new.

President Beam’s new drug czar, Gill Kerosene’s wants to banish the phrase war n drugs and shift toward treatment over imprisonment. According to Limiter (201 1), The Obama Administration’s approach to drug policy will be guided by three indisputable facts: Addiction is a disease that can be treated; people can recover from drug addiction; and new interventions are needed to appropriately address substance abuse and drug related crime. The government has focused on punishment and not prevention, as stated by Limiter (201 1), “Simply put: We cannot arrest our way out of our Nation’s drug problem. By addressing drug addiction as a public health it will provide drug users with the help they need, instead of Just locking them up and not addressing the issue. Hopefully this will help break the cycle of drug use, crime, and incarceration. The Obama Administration is taking action to provide a balanced approach on. How to addresses the Nation’s drug problem and the effects on its communities. According to Abramson (2009), the Obama administration is moving away from a tough on crime’ strategy and toward one that favors treatment over punishment.

According to Kristin (2009), the legalization of drugs is another solution to drug raffling. With drugs more readily available, at lower prices and higher levels of potency many law enforcement personal and politicians favor legalization of drugs. While other experts favor keeping drug production and sell illegal, but decontaminating possession. Either way if it is legalize it must be regulated. According to Kristin (2009), the United States have inquired three consequences due to the failure of “The War on Drugs”, increased population in Jails, empowered criminals and terrorists, and squandered resources that cannot be replaced.

With that said, why continue down a road were the drug problem is not getting resolved. Before drugs were prohibited, usage levels were lower among cocaine and heroin users, and states with legalized marijuana have not seen an increase in consumption, according to Kristin (2009). While the increase of usage and addiction of narcotics may be a concern, states could benefit off the billions of dollars generated in taxes from these drugs. After the recent presidential election two more states legalized marijuana, maybe these states could be observed to see if the idea of legalization works.

A more racial idea would be to have the legalized drugs to be sold by a licensed pharmacist, while measuring the impact on usage and crime. In conclusion, drug abuse is harmful to the user, their friends and family. It affects our society in a many negative ways. By creating opportunities, educating drug abusers, making treatment more readily available, and running information based anti- drug campaigns the eradication of drug trafficking can be eliminated. The legalization of drugs would reduce violence and take power away from the Black government is taking towards the War on Drugs’ change is inevitable and well in deed.