The minor bacteria are on-speculated, gram-positive, bacillus “with enlarged extremities” (Cohen & Powdery, 2010). With a range 0. 5 to 1 pm units In diameter, the single strain of cells vary In size. Corroboratively diphtheria has familiar; this allows the bacteria to cling on to the hose-cell receptors. The Infection Is prevalent In various countries around the world: South East Asia, South America, Eastern Europe, and the Indian Subcontinent. Periodically, the infection also appears in developed countries.
Individuals who reside in unsanitary and overly crowded conditions, lack diphtheria immunization, and are mall nourished are at high risk to contract the infection (Martin, 2012). In the United States, the Native American population Is the group with most reported cases In the past. Nevertheless, there are no current focused population groups as of today. Prior to the diphtheria vaccination, the amount of new cases and infections in the united States ranged from 100,000 to 200,000 annually.